RANGE

Satellite range information

Platform:

OEM719, OEM729, OEM7500, OEM7600, OEM7700, OEM7720, PwrPak7, SPAN CPT7, SMART7, SMART2

Firmware Stream:     

The RANGE log contains the channel measurements for the currently tracked satellites. When using this log, please keep in mind the constraints noted along with the description.

It is important to ensure that the receiver clock has been set. This can be monitored by the bits in the Receiver Status field of the log header. Large jumps in pseudorange as well as Accumulated Doppler Range (ADR) occur as the clock is being adjusted. If the ADR measurement is being used in precise phase processing, it is important not to use the ADR if the "parity known" flag, in the ch-tr-status field, is not set as there may exist a half (1/2) cycle ambiguity on the measurement. The tracking error estimate of the pseudorange and carrier phase (ADR) is the thermal noise of the receiver tracking loops only. It does not account for possible multipath errors or atmospheric delays.

If multiple signals are being tracked for a given PRN, an entry for each signal, with the same PRN, appears in the RANGE logs. As shown in Table: Channel Tracking Status, these entries can be differentiated by bits 21-25, which indicate the signal type of the observation.

For dual antenna receivers, a RANGE_1 log can be requested to get RANGE data from the second antenna. As described in Table: Binary Message Header Structure, the message type indicates the log is from the second antenna. To request an ASCII log enter RANGEA_1, and for a binary log enter RANGEB_1.

Message ID: 43

Log Type: Synch

Recommended Input:

log rangea ontime 30

Abbreviated ASCII Example:

<RANGE COM1 0 82.0 FINESTEERING 1729 155076.000 02004000 5103 11465
46
31 0 24514687.250 0.064 -128825561.494675 0.010 3877.473 45.0 563.310 18109c04
31 0 24514688.765 0.096 -100383546.734328 0.010 3021.415 39.8 558.900 02309c0b
14 0 20345286.178 0.047 -106915249.491005 0.008 90.799 47.6 10283.130 08109c24
14 0 20345282.367 0.130 -83310588.842026 0.008 70.753 44.0 10276.900 01303c2b
22 0 20789170.556 0.038 -109247823.573628 0.007 -1421.169 49.4 15829.450 18109c44
22 0 20789164.279 0.138 -85128150.759123 0.007 -1107.404 43.6 15822.400 11303c4b
11 0 21977065.699 0.057 -115490261.964920 0.009 1235.428 46.0 5831.400 18109c64
11 0 21977062.220 0.201 -89992401.903056 0.011 962.671 40.3 5823.900 11303c6b
1 0 23109644.678 0.073 -121441999.794897 0.011 2971.250 43.8 3239.620 18109ca4
1 0 23109646.769 0.073 -94630142.467139 0.011 2315.261 42.1 3233.420 02309cab
1 0 23109647.385 0.009 -90687226.778371 0.009 2218.538 48.9 3237.080 01d03ca4
32 0 23839782.353 0.133 -125278916.608912 0.022 3033.561 38.7 2193.280 18109cc4
32 0 23839781.295 0.363 -97619939.025504 0.026 2363.815 35.1 2184.900 11303ccb
18 0 22923322.792 0.062 -120462840.747702 0.009 -2710.945 45.3 20493.260 18109d04
18 0 22923320.071 0.350 -93867119.471860 0.012 -2112.426 35.5 20484.400 11303d0b
24 0 23708761.188 0.111 -124590391.778428 0.015 -2376.459 40.2 10643.820 08109d24
24 0 23708763.572 0.065 -97083440.180816 0.015 -1851.788 43.1 10639.420 02309d2b
24 0 23708765.724 0.009 -93038305.697497 0.008 -1774.807 49.1 10641.680 01d03d24
19 0 23739234.067 0.078 -124750470.392697 0.013 -2778.561 43.3 12263.180 08109d64
19 0 23739230.131 0.250 -97208136.646475 0.014 -2165.115 38.4 12255.400 01303d6b
61 9 22189063.544 0.155 -118654856.801346 0.011 -3985.235 43.3 13310.882 08119e04
61 9 22189063.246 0.055 -92287085.024614 0.011 -3099.631 37.6 13303.964 00b13e0b
47 0 21209673.567 0.147 -113059527.680842 0.011 -804.710 43.8 7342.680 08119e24
47 0 21209679.575 0.043 -87935228.320976 0.011 -625.886 39.7 7334.968 00b13e2b
46 5 24097664.754 0.213 -128680178.570435 0.014 -3740.543 40.6 10098.600 08119e44
46 5 24097669.137 0.048 -100084595.729257 0.015 -2909.311 38.8 10082.838 10b13e4b
39 3 21484445.079 0.161 -114645140.076744 0.012 2864.162 43.0 4463.150 18119e64
39 3 21484447.532 0.046 -89168467.325722 0.013 2227.683 39.1 4453.468 10b13e6b
38 8 19445896.471 0.101 -103949483.524466 0.008 -389.973 47.1 11640.260 18119e84
38 8 19445897.101 0.048 -80849619.556577 0.009 -303.312 38.8 11632.974 00b13e8b
48 7 21301665.694 0.166 -113829687.684616 0.011 3143.656 42.8 3778.910 08119ea4
48 7 21301667.294 0.054 -88534230.502244 0.012 2445.068 37.8 3770.968 10b13eab
54 11 20899591.029 0.131 -111837944.708346 0.009 -401.734 44.8 7155.190 18119ec4
54 11 20899589.241 0.024 -86985062.942139 0.009 -312.461 44.8 7146.970 10b13ecb
55 4 23127316.661 0.318 -123455195.443877 0.020 3067.787 37.1 1588.420 18119ee4
55 4 23127321.850 0.032 -96020732.562183 0.021 2386.060 42.3 1580.442 00b13eeb
12 0 26239080.161 0.048 -137887256.553732 0.015 -2696.802 47.6 11527.710 48539c24
12 0 26239085.285 0.012 -102967750.707625 0.013 -2013.883 46.8 11523.770 41933c24
12 0 26239083.219 0.011 -105653860.401460 0.013 -2066.457 47.3 11523.712 42333c24
12 0 26239094.196 0.019 -104310841.607718 0.014 -2040.204 42.7 11522.970 42933c24
11 0 25589806.061 0.045 -134475330.397885 0.013 -729.686 48.0 4974.653 48539c64
11 0 25589809.285 0.010 -100419891.315177 0.012 -545.179 47.8 4969.770 41933c64
11 0 25589806.124 0.010 -103039536.069621 0.011 -559.405 48.0 4969.734 42333c64
11 0 25589818.004 0.017 -101729751.744395 0.013 -552.305 43.7 4967.060 42933c64
8 0 39844800.850 0.077 -207482308.002186 0.018 -507.335 37.4 12048.980 18149c84
8 0 39844800.076 0.043 -160438471.200694 0.013 -392.547 42.5 12038.660 00349c84

Field

Field type

Description

Format

Binary Bytes

Binary Offset

1

RANGE header

Log header. See Messages for more information.

 

H

0

2

# obs

Number of observations with information to follow 1

Ulong

4

H

3

PRN/slot

Satellite PRN number of range measurement

Refer to PRN Numbers

Ushort

2

H+4

4

glofreq

(GLONASS Frequency + 7) (see GLONASS Slot and Frequency Numbers section of this manual)

Ushort

2

H+6

5

psr

Pseudorange measurement (m)

Double

8

H+8

6

psr σ

Pseudorange measurement standard deviation (m)

Float

4

H+16

7

adr

Carrier phase, in cycles (accumulated Doppler range)

Double

8

H+20

8

adr σ

Estimated carrier phase standard deviation (cycles)

Float

4

H+28

9

dopp

Instantaneous carrier Doppler frequency (Hz)

Float

4

H+32

10

C/No

Carrier to noise density ratio

C/No = 10[log10(S/N0)] (dB-Hz)

Float

4

H+36

11

locktime

Number of seconds of continuous tracking (no cycle slipping)

Float

4

H+40

12

ch-tr-status

Tracking status (see Table: Channel Tracking Status and the example in Figure: Channel Tracking Example)

Ulong

4

H+44

13...

Next PRN offset = H + 4 + (#obs x 44)

variable

xxxx

32-bit CRC (ASCII and Binary only)

Ulong

4

H+4+
(#obs x 44)

variable

[CR][LF]

Sentence terminator (ASCII only)

-

-

-

 

Channel Tracking Example

 

Channel Tracking Status

Nibble

Bit

Mask

Description

Range Value

N0

0

0x00000001

Tracking state

0-23,

see Table: Tracking State

1

0x00000002

2

0x00000004

3

0x00000008

N1

4

0x00000010

5

0x00000020

SV channel number

(n-1) (0 = first, n = last)

n depends on the receiver

6

0x00000040

7

0x00000080

N2

8

0x00000100

9

0x00000200

10

0x00000400

Phase lock flag

0 = Not locked, 1 = Locked

11

0x00000800

Parity known flag

0 = Not known, 1 = Known

N3

12

0x00001000

Code locked flag

0 = Not locked, 1 = Locked

13

0x00002000

Correlator type

0-7,

see Table: Correlator Type

14

0x00004000

15

0x00008000

N4

16

0x00010000

Satellite system

0 = GPS
1 = GLONASS
2 = SBAS
3 = Galileo

4 = BeiDou
5 = QZSS
6 = NavIC
7 = Other

17

0x00020000

18

0x00040000

19

0x00080000

Reserved
 

20

0x00100000

Grouping

0 = Not grouped, 1 = Grouped

 

21

0x00200000

Signal type

(Dependent on satellite
system above)

 

GPS:
0 = L1C/A
5 = L2P
9 = L2P (Y), semi-codeless
14 = L5 (Q)
16 = L1C (P)
17 = L2C (M)

GLONASS:
0 = L1C/A
1 = L2C/A
5 = L2P
6 = L3 (Q)

BeiDou:
0 = B1 (I) with D1 data
1 = B2 (I) with D1 data
2 = B3 (I) with D1 data
4 = B1 (I) with D2 data
5 = B2 (I) with D2 data
6 = B3 (I) with D2 data
7 = B1C (P)
9 = B2a (P)

Galileo:
2 = E1 (C)
6 = E6B
7 = E6C
12 = E5a (Q)
17 = E5b (Q)
20 = E5AltBOC (Q)

QZSS:
0 = L1C/A
14 = L5 (Q)
16 = L1C (P)
17 = L2C (M)
27 = L6P

SBAS:
0 = L1C/A
6 = L5 (I)

NavIC:
0 = L5 SPS

Other:
19 = L-Band

N5

22

0x00400000

 

23

0x00800000

 

24

0x01000000

N6

25

0x02000000

 

26

0x04000000

Reserved

 

27

0x08000000

Primary L1 channel

0 = Not primary, 1 = Primary

N7

28

0x10000000

Carrier phase measurement 2

0 = Half Cycle Not Added
1 = Half Cycle Added

29

0x20000000

Digital filtering on signal

0 = No digital filter
1 = Digital filter

30

0x40000000

PRN lock flag 3

0 = PRN Not Locked Out
1 = PRN Locked Out

31

0x80000000

Channel assignment

0 = Automatic, 1 = Forced

Tracking State

State

Description

0

Idle

1

Sky Search

2

Wide frequency band pull-in

3

Narrow frequency band pull-in

4

Phase lock loop

6

Channel steering

7

Frequency lock loop

9

Channel alignment

10

Code search

11

Aided phase lock loop

23

Side peak detection

24

FFT Skysearch

For Agriculture firmware (firmware versions that start with OA7), FFT Skysearch is not available.

Correlator Type

State

Description

0

N/A

1

Standard correlator: spacing = 1 chip

2

Narrow Correlator: spacing < 1 chip

3

Reserved

4

Pulse Aperture Correlator (PAC)

5

Narrow PAC

6

Reserved

RINEX Mappings

GNSS System

Frequency Band

Frequency

Observation Codes

Signal Type

Pseudo Range

Carrier Phase

Doppler

Signal Strength

GPS

L1

1575.42

L1CA

C1C

L1C

D1C

S1C

L1C(P)

C1L

L1L

D1L

S1L

L2

1227.6

L2C(M)

C2S

L2S

D2S

S2S

L2P

L2P

C2P

D2P

S2P

L2P(Y)

C2W

L2W

D2W

S2W

L5

1176.45

L5(Q)

C5Q

L5Q

D5Q

S5Q

GLONASS

G1

1598.0625-1609.3125

L1CA

C1C

L1C

D1C

S1C

G2

1242.9375-1251.6875

L2CA

C2C

L2C

D2C

S2C

L2P

C2P

L2P

D2P

S2P

G3

1202.025

L3(Q)

C3Q

L3Q

D3Q

S3Q

Galileo

E1

1575.42

E1C

C1C

L1C

D1C

S1C

E5a

1176.45

E5a(Q)

C5Q

L5Q

D5Q

S5Q

E5b

1207.14

E5b(Q)

C7Q

L7Q

D7Q

S7Q

E5(E5a+E5b)

1191.795

E5AltBOC(Q)

C8Q

L8Q

D8Q

S8Q

E6

1278.75

E6C

C6C

L6C

D6C

S6C

SBAS

L1

1575.42

L1CA

C1C

L1C

D1C

S1C

L5

1176.45

L5(I)

C5I

L5I

D5I

S5I

QZSS

L1

1575.42

L1CA

C1C

L1C

D1C

S1C

L1C(P)

C1L

L1L

D1L

S1L

L2

1227.6

L2C(M)

C2S

L2S

D2S

S2S

L5

1176.45

L5(Q)

C5Q

L5Q

D5Q

S5Q

L6

1278.75

L6(P)

C6L

L6L

D6L

S6L

BeiDou

B1

1561.098

B1(I)

C2I

L2I

D2I

S2I

B1C

1575.42

B1C(P)

C1P

L1P

D1P

S1P

B2

1207.14

B2(I)

C7I

L7I

D7I

S7I

B2a

1176.45

B2a(P)

C5P

L5P

D5P

S5P

B3

1268.52

B3(I)

C6I

L6I

D6I

S6I

NavIC

L5

1176.45

L5SPS

C5A

L5A

D5A

S5A

 

OM-20000167 v13

October 2019

Email comments to NovAtel_TPUBS@NovAtel.com

7.07.03 / OM7MR0703RN0000
PP7 07.07.03 / EP7PR0703RN0000
7.06.03 / OA7CR0603RN0000